Skin is vulnerable and can suffer various damages due to unprotected exposure to the Sun, pollution, exposure to chemicals, among many others. Among all the skin problems, stains are one of the most difficult to be treated and reaches a large part of the population. Blotchy skin can be caused by several factors, each of which has a specific treatment. In addition, there are habits and ways that can be adopted for the prevention of the emergence of these dreaded stains. Check out what causes and how to treat a blemished skin.
Causes blotchy skin
Several types of patches on the skin, which can be yellow, Brown, white, red, with or without relief. The main types are:
Age spots: they have a rounded shape and brown tone, which may have various sizes. Usually appear in older people who didn’t take care of skin. The spots appear after 40 years and are more visible in those who have light skin.
Melasma: these spots are caused by excess and abuse of the Sun are similar to freckles, spots with some Brown and varying sizes. Problems such as hormones or are genetic factors that contribute to the appearance.
Freckles (solar melanosa): Genetics is the main cause of freckles, especially in very light skinned people, as red-haired natural blond. Can also be cumulative effect of sunrays, blemishes on the face, shoulders in her lap.
Leukoderma solar: are called also of white freckles, caused by too much sun exposure reaches
Arms and legs.
Pregnancy Spots: Some pregnant women tend to have stains on brown hue during the period of nine months. This is caused by the change of hormones and double sun exposure without sunscreen.
Phytophotodermatitis: Are brown spots that have the reddish background and appear on the skin after contact with citrus fruits such as lemon and orange, for example. They arise when the liquid fruit acid comes in contact with the skin and the person is exposed to the Sun, being a kind of burn.
Contact Dermatitis Are contact spots of some product or food, having Brown and various formats.
Most stains can be prevented with the constant use of sunscreen and avoiding excessive sun rays. Already, there are some treatments that can be done at home or in specialized aesthetic clinics. They are:
Intense pulsed light: is a type of laser treatment, indicated in the case of age spots, freckles, and melasmas, pregnancy spots.
Fraxel Laser: it is also a treatment done in specialized clinics, indicated for leukoderma.
Creams: contact dermatitis and Phyto photo dermatitis can be treated with creams or gels indicated by a doctor and used at home. For the pregnancy, the treatment should be started after the period of breastfeeding.
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