After you get a tattoo it is very important to take care of the skin, not only to prevent a possible infection, but also to ensure that the design is well defined and the colors remain for many years.
In this way, the care of the tattoo should begin soon after you leave the tattoo studio and keep them for life.
What to do on the first day
After making the tattoo, the skin is quite bruised and, therefore, there is a high risk of infection, since bacteria and viruses can reach more easily inside the body. Thus, right from the time if comes out of the tattoo studio it is important to keep the skin protected with a piece of cellophane or plastic wrap, for at least 4 hours. But this time may vary according to each tattoo, and one should always receive guidance from the tattoo artist.
Then, the plastic should be removed to avoid creating a humid environment and warm where bacteria can multiply more easily. On this day it is still important to wash the tattoo and apply a cream healing, to stimulate the more rapid recovery of the skin.
What not to do in the early days
Although there are some habits that can be done to reduce the risk of infection, there are also others that should be avoided in the first 4 weeks to ensure optimal healing, such as:
- Do not remove the cones that begin to form in the first 4 days after the tattoo, it can still be linked to the deeper layers of the skin, where the ink is still lodging;
- Do not scratch your tattoo, as it can aggravate the irritation of the skin and promote the emergence of an infection due to the presence of bacteria under the nails;
- Do not immerse the tattoo in water, especially in public places such as swimming pools or beaches, as the majority of the bacteria develops in the water, increasing the risk of infection;
- To avoid catching the sun, because UV rays cause skin inflammation and may end up shifting the layers of the tattoo ink, in addition to delaying the healing;
- Avoid going cream in excessin the tattoo, especially creams with oil, since they create a barrier that prevents the skin to breathe and heal properly;
- Do not use clothing which is too tight, because it prevents the breathing of the skin and can also end up pulling the cones from the skin, which help in the healing.
In addition, it is also important to be careful with the return to physical activities, because the production of sweat can end up displacing the ink that has not yet settled into the deeper layers of the skin, in addition to being a location with plenty of dirt, which may end up increasing the risk of infection. Therefore, the return to the gym or physical exercise should be postponed for at least 1 week.
How to wash the tattoo
The first wash of the tattoo is very important to ensure adequate healing and to avoid the development of an infection as it helps to remove the remains of blood and dead cells. However, before washing the location of the tattoo is very important to wash the hands, to remove the greater part of the bacteria and prevent it from reaching the skin tattooed.
Then, you must pass water over the location of the tattoo by rubbing lightly with the fingers, avoiding the use of a sponge or some type of cloth, and then pass an antibacterial soap gentle on the skin. Ideally, the water should be warm without causing water vapor, as the heat may lead to the opening of the pores of the skin, facilitating the entry of bacteria and allowing the ink to move in the interior of the skin.
Finally, you should dry the skin, using towels disposable paper or leave to dry in the open air, because the towels conventional in addition to having a greater number of bacteria can also be àsperas to the skin, causing irritation.
How to reduce the swelling and the redness
The swelling of the skin and the redness are very common in the first few days after getting the tattoo because of the trauma caused by the machine tatuadora, however, is a natural healing process and, therefore, should not be cause for alarm.
The best way to reduce these symptoms more quickly, consists in always keeping the skin well clean and dry, in addition to spend several times a day an ointment to the scar, as Nebacetin or Bepantol Derma, for example. See other options of ointments wound healing.
How to relieve itching in the tattoo
After about 1 week it is natural that there is a sense of constant itching at the site of the tattoo, which is caused by the emergence of cones that leave the skin more dry and itchy. In this way, a good way to relieve the itch is to moisturize your skin, using a cream for extremely dry skin, such as Nivea or Vasenol, for example.
You should still avoid scratching the skin with the nails, even though the sensation is very intense, and can only give light tapas to try and lessen the feeling. The cones that are forming must also not be removed, since it is normal that will be dropped over time so completely natural. These shells can often be of the color of the tattoo, but this does not mean that the ink is coming out.
That care should be kept forever
The tattoo is usually healed after 1 or 2 months, but skin care should be maintained for your entire life, especially to ensure that the design of the tattoo remains well defined and the color stays for a longer time. Thus, some care important include:
- Pass a moisturizer every day;
- Pass the sunscreen whenever the skin tattooed you need to be exposed to the sun;
- Avoid bumps or cuts in the region of the tattoo;
- Drinking about 2 liters of water per day.
In addition, having a healthy lifestyle and to make a balanced diet also helps ensure the health of the skin and, therefore, allows the tattoo to keep it always beautiful and well demarcated. Here’s an example of food that helps maintain health in general.
When you go to the hospital
In most cases, the tattoo heals easily and without major complications, however, can be recommended to go to the hospital if you have symptoms such as:
- Skin with redness very intense;
- Tattoo bleeding;
- Swelling of the location of the tattoo;
- Strong pain at the site of the tattoo.
In addition, other symptoms are more general, such as fever above 38 ° C or feeling of tiredness may also indicate an infection and, if they arise, should be reported to a general practitioner.