Getting a tattoo may be a decision risky to the health because the inks used can be toxic.
The inks in red, orange and yellow are the most dangerous because it contains compound azólico that disintegrate when exposed to the sun, spreading over the body and may increase the risk of cancer.
The colors blue and green in metallic shades contain nickel and can therefore cause allergic contact being prohibited in many cosmetics and costume jewelry. Already the black color, despite having less risk, contains toxic substances such as carbon black, petroleum-based, tar and rubber, which increase the toxins in the body, facilitating the emergence of diseases.
Principais riscos da tatuagem
The main risks to getting a tattoo include:
- Allergic reaction to the ink used, which can arise even after many years of the completion of the tattoo;
- Itching, inflammation and flaking location when the region is exposed to the sun;
- The formation of keloids, which are scars ugly with relief and swelling;
- Higher risk of being contaminated with diseases such as Hepatitis B or C, AIDS or Staphylococcus aureus, if the material used is not disposable.
In addition, small droplets of ink can spread throughout the body through the lymphatic circulation, and these consequences are not yet fully known. To facilitate the development of cancer is a possibility, however, as the cancer may take many years to manifest, it becomes difficult to prove the direct connection.
The risks of the use of these inks exists because these substances although they are regulated by Anvisa, can not be classified as drugs, not cosmetics, which complicates its regulation and studies. Another important factor is that in addition to the lack of studies on the effects of tattoo on humans, in the short, medium and long-term tests on animals are not allowed. Learn what can you not eat after to make the tattoo (because it hinders the healing).
Care to do a tattoo
To reduce the risk of emergence of any of these complications it is important to take some precautions, such as:
- Require that all materials be new and disposable, avoiding materials that are sterilized and reused;
- Prefer tattoos, smalland black;
- No make tattoo on top of spots or stains, because this can hinder the visualization of any change in the size, shape or color of the paint;
- Apply an ointment or cream, healingor antibiotic after its completion and during 15 days;
- Apply a good layer of sunscreen, whenever exposed to the sun, to protect the skin and prevent tattoo fading;
- Do not go to the beach or the pool in the first 2 monthsto decrease the risk of infections;
- Do not donate blood for 4 monthsafter the completion of the tattoo.
To observe any change in the skin at the spot where the tattoo should go to the doctor to perform tests and start the appropriate treatment which may include the use of medications to control the symptoms or illness that may have arisen and also the removal of the tattoo. To understand how this procedure is done: laser Treatment to remove tattoo.
Henna tattoo also has risks
Do a henna tattoo is also a choice that can put the health at risk because, as well as in the black ink of the tattoo as permanent, in the case of henna black can also be allergy:
- Itching, redness, spot, bubbles, or discoloration of the skin at the site of the tattoo;
- Red spots can spread throughout the body that often arise in up to 12 days.
In this case, you should go to the dermatologist to start treatment which consists of removing the tattoo and apply creams and lotions as corticoids on-site.
After the resolution of the allergy and the location of the tattoo with henna can be marked definitely, embossed, or the skin may become lighter or darker around the outline of the drawing.
Henna is a natural substance?
Henna is a dye from a plant called Lawsonia inermis sp, after being dried, it is reduced to powder. This powder is mixed to a folder that allows a better application of the product on the skin, having a coloration closest to the brown.In this way, astatuagens of henna are generally more natural and, therefore, have a lower risk of allergic reaction.
However, to be able to black discoloration of henna are added other substances such as dye synthetic parafenilenodiamina (PPD). The darker the colour, the more additives the ink contains, and, therefore, the greater the risk of allergies because it no longer can be considered a natural product.
Thus, the tattoo that has less risk to health are the tattoos of henna natural, that has a coloration closest to brown, with a slight reddish hue, and that are tattoos done by indigenous tribes, for example. However, these are not definitive and need to be retouched with the passing of time.