The hair loss usually is not a sign of alarm, as can happen in a completely natural way, especially during the cooler seasons of the year, as autumn and winter. In these times, the hair falls out more because the root of the hair is less irrigated, nutrients, and blood, and this can increase the hair loss. However, this drop should decrease in times of the year more hot, as the spring and summer.
In addition, people who frequently use hair straightening products in hair, apply often the flat iron or do hairstyles that can break the hair, may also exhibit hair loss more pronounced.
Already the hair loss after health treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, for example, is relatively normal but it should always be referred to by the doctor before starting the treatment, so that is not a reason for concern when it arises.
1. Excess stress
One of the main causes of hair loss is the excess of stress, both physical and mental. This happens because the shock and stress after a traffic accident or after the diagnosis of a serious illness, for example, can change the cycle of hair, causing you to fall.
In other cases, the stress may not be the main cause of hair loss but can worsen the loss of hair that already exists for another reason. Know the major consequences of stress.
- What to do: it is advised to try to reduce the load of stress, participating in leisure activities, not only to treat the hair loss, but also to ensure a better quality of life and prevent other more serious problems that can arise over time, such as irritable bowel syndrome or depression.
2. Excess of vitamin A or B
Although it is relatively rare, the excessive presence of vitamin A or B complex in the body can contribute to hair loss. This situation is more frequent in people who are taking supplements with any of these types of vitamins for a long time.
- What to do: must use food supplements only with the guidance of a doctor or nutritionist, to avoid reaching the maximum doses recommended. If there is any suspicion of excess of these vitamins, you should stop the supplement and consult a doctor.
Hair loss is relatively common in women after childbirth, not only due to hormonal changes that continue to happen in the body, but also by the stress of childbirth. Usually, this hair loss appears in the first 3 months after birth and can last up to 2 months.
Although this is more rare, hair loss may also arise during the pregnancy, and seems to be related with the increase of the progesterone hormone that can dry the hair, leaving it weak and brittle.
- What to do: the ideal is to avoid getting stressed out by hair loss, since it is a natural process, that will improve with time. See 5 strategies to fight hair loss post-partum.
4. Hormonal changes
As well as during or after pregnancy, the hormonal changes are an important cause of hair loss, and can happen in various moments of life, especially during adolescence. In addition, women who switch from the pill or starting a new hormonal contraceptive method may also be temporary hair loss.
- What to do: if you are having a hair loss too intense, you should consult a dermatologist or, if you are taking a contraceptive, speak with the gynecologist to evaluate the possibility of changing the method.
5. Use of antidepressants and other drugs
Some classes of medications, such as antidepressants, anticoagulants, or medicines for high blood pressure can have the side effect of contributing to the hair loss, especially at the beginning of treatment or when they are already being used for a long time. Other remedies that can have this kind of effect include methotrexate, lithium, and ibuprofen, for example.
- What to do: if there is a suspicion that the hair loss is being undermined by the use of any medicine, you should inform the doctor that prescribed the medication, assessing the possibility of changing to another medication.
In addition to excessive tiredness and pallor, anemia can also cause hair loss, as the wires receive less blood, nutrients and oxygen, making them more weak and brittle. Generally, anemia is caused by lack of iron, but can also arise due to other factors, such as the decline of vitamin B12 in the body.
- What to do: in most cases, the anemia is lack of iron and, therefore, the first form of treatment consists in the use of iron supplements and increasing the intake of foods with iron, such as red meat, mussel, parsley, or white beans. See what are the main types of anemia and how to treat each one of them.
Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid is not functioning properly and, therefore, there are several types of hormones that are not produced correctly or in enough quantity. Some of these hormones are very important for the metabolism and growth of the hair strands, and therefore, when they are missing can be the cause of hair loss.
- What to do: if you suspect a change in the functioning of the thyroid you should consult an endocrinologist to confirm the diagnosis and start the appropriate treatment, which is typically done with the supplementation of iodine. Learn more about how is made the treatment of hypothyroidism.
What to do to treat hair loss
To treat hair loss may use specific products, medications or supplements such as:
- Hair lotion with Minoxidil 5%: apply 2 times a day on the scalp. It helps to revitalize the scalp, increasing blood flow and strengthening the existing wires, slowing his fall;
- Shampoos and lotions specific to hair loss;
- Nutritional supplements for hair loss, such as Pill Food or organic silicium, which contain nutrients involved in the growth and health of the hair strands. Price Food Pill, on average of 30 rem, and the silicon organic.
- Remedies for hair loss, guided by a dermatologist, such as Finasteride, Propecia or infiltration with corticoid in the root of the hair. Learn more in: Remedies for baldness.
In addition, it is also important that the feed contains all necessary nutrients for the body, since hair loss can be caused by very restrictive diets, poor in calories and poor in animal proteins.
Treatments for hair loss
Some treatments that may be recommended by the dermatologist to treat hair loss are:
- Low Laser power, which must be applied 1 time per week for a minimum of 10 weeks. It stimulates the regeneration of the array that lost the hair and prevents the hair healthy come the fall, improving gradually the hair loss. Price: each session costs an average of 50 real;
- Procedure, because it increases the blood irrigation of the scalp and facilitates the penetration of chemical substances in the hair loss. Price: each session costs an average of 70 reais;
- Implant of hair is a surgical technique in which to deploy-if strands of hair directly to the scalp. Although the immediate result, after about 6 months, these wires tend to fall and may cause injury to the scalp. The price varies between 10 and 25 thousand reais;
- Hair transplantis a surgery where they remove a strip of hair from the back of the hair and implants itself in the front, near the region of the forehead, or where there is the greatest need. It is an option for those who are balding or bald.
Choosing the best treatment should be made by the dermatologist after the evaluation and diagnosis of hair loss.